c. Proof of bearer’s entitlement
1 A person possessing the bill is the holder in due course providing he can demonstrate his entitlement by means of an uninterrupted sequence of endorsements, even where the last is a blank endorsement. Deleted endorsements are deemed unwritten. Where a blank endorsement is followed by a further endorsement, it is presumed that the person who issued this endorsement acquired the bill by means of the blank endorsement.
2 Where the bill of exchange was somehow lost by a former holder, a new holder who can demonstrate his entitlement in accordance with the provisions of the previous paragraph is obliged to surrender the bill only if he acquired the bill in bad faith or was guilty of gross negligence when he acquired it.
7. Signature de personnes incapables de s’obliger
Si la lettre de change porte des signatures de personnes incapables de s’obliger par lettre de change, des signatures fausses ou des signatures de personnes imaginaires, ou des signatures qui, pour toute autre raison, ne sauraient obliger les personnes qui ont signé la lettre de change, ou au nom desquelles elle a été signée, les obligations des autres signataires n’en sont pas moins valables.